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Biomass use in Scotland

Wood fuel provides 89% of Scotland's renewable heat.

  • In 2015 Scotland generated an estimated 5.3 - 5.6% of its non-electrical heat demand from renewable sources, up from 3.8% in 2014, continuing the year on year increases seen since 2008/09.
  • This equates to 4,165 GWh of heat produced from renewable sources
  • Wood fuel used in biomass heat and CHP installations accounted for 89% of these renewable sources (the remaining 6% came from heat pumps and 5% from energy to waste plants).

Renewable Heat output table

Source: Renewable Heat in Scotland, 2015 (Energy Saving Trust; 2016)

Wood fuel usage in Scotland

Forestry Commission Scotland publishes an  annual survey of wood fuel use.

The latest published data shows that the total amount of wood fuel used in Scotland in 2015 (published in 2016) was 1.2 million oven dried tonnes.

Scot wood fuel usage over time

Source of chart:  Forestry Commission Annual Wood Fuel Usage Report, 2016

  • This is roughly equal to 2.4 million 'green' (freshly felled logs) tonnes of wood fuel. UK use of wood fuel is estimated at 4 million green tonnes, so Scotland's role in the market is highly significant.

Biomass is also a significant renewable in the EU and globally, click here for more information.