More and more homes, businesses and organisations are using are
using wood fuel boilers, creating a growing demand for wood in the
form of logs, pellets and chips.
Forestry Commission Scotland's (FCS) Woodfuel
Demand and Usage in Scotland Report 2013 identified 737,000
oven dry tonnes (odt) of woodfuel used in Scotland in 2012. Between
November 2011 and September 1st 2014 there have
been 2780 accredited Renewable Heat Incentive
installations in Scotland in total (Non-Domestic and Domestic) with
a total installed capacity of 1.06GW (This does not take into
consideration any projects installed pre July 2009). Rapid
growth in the woodfuel market is coupled to an increased demand for
both raw material and processed woodfuel.
The chart below shows an increase of approximately 500% in
woodfuel usage between 2005 and 2012. By 2016, total wood fuel use
is projected to be nearly total wood fuel demand predicted to rise
to 1,168,000 odt (odt). - equivalent to
nearly 1.3 million green tonnes of timber- this
the 2011 conversion amend 1.16 m odt tonnes to correlating figure
for green tonnes for 2016.
In addition, five wood pellet manufacturing plants together used
158k odt of furnish (wood fines) in 2012, an increase of nearly
100% on the 2011 figure of 80k odt. The total quantity of wood
reported to have been used directly or indirectly for woodfuel in
2012 was therefore 895k odt. This figure is forecast to rise to
940k odt in 2013, 1,149k odt in 2014 and 1,328k odt in 2016.
Total Wood Fuel Use - All Industry/Commercial - 2004/05 to 2012
and forecast for 2013 and 2014.
Fastest growth is small to medium scale users
Large-scale plants are the biggest users of wood fuel, but the
fastest growing sector is small to medium scale heat use. 90.5% of
existing woodfuel use took place in the major scale plant sectors
(each using >10,001 odt/yr). Of the remainder, 5.1% was
used in large plants (1,001 - 10,000 odt/yr) and 4.4% was used in
medium/small plants (<1,000 odt/yr).
This market provides renewable heat to
over 840 projects across Scotland. These range from
domestic installations, small boilers heating offices and workshops
to district heating systems and industrial applications. See types of wood fuel users and case studies.
Large volumes of woodfuel are used for electricity generation in
electricity only and combined heat and
power (CHP) plants. Substantial volumes are also used by the
traditional wood processing sector for heat generation.
Demand for different types of woodfuel
This supply is mainly made up of virgin wood fibre and recycled
fibre, used for wood chip and logs, with a small market for wood
Available raw material
The estimated volume of raw material in Scotland was estimated
Woodfuel Task Force in 2011.